Publications (since 2000)

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School Contact Information

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine,
The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agricultural, Food & Environment,
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Address: Herzl 229, P.O. Box 12,
Rehovot 76100, Israel

Phone: +972-(0)8-9489021/31;
Fax: +972-(0)8-9467940



  1. Shahar, R. (2000) Relative stiffness and stress of type I and type II external fixators: acrylic versus stainless-steel connecting bars – a theoretical approach. Vet. Surg. 29:59-69.
  2.  Shahar, R. (2000). Evaluation of stiffness and stress of external fixators with curved acrylic connecting bars. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 13:65-72.
  3. Shahar, R. and Milgram, J. (2001). Morphometric and anatomic study of the hind limb of a dog. Am. J. Vet. Res. 62:928-33.
  4. Leisner, S., Shahar, R., Aizenberg, Z. and Lichovsky, D. (2001). The effect of short duration, high intensity electromagnetic pulses on fresh ulnar fractures in rats. J. Vet. Med. Series A,  49:33-7.
  5. Shani, Y. and Shahar, R. (2001). The unilateral external fixator and acrylic connecting bar, combined with IM pin for the treatment of tibial fractures. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum,  15:104-10.
  6. Shahar, R. and Banks-Sills, L. (2002). Biomechanical analysis of the canine hind limb: calculation of forces during three-legged stance. The Vet. J. 163:240-50.
  7.  Shahar, R., Banks-Sills, L. and Eliasy, R. (2003). Stress and strain distribution in the intact canine femur: Finite element analysis. Med. Eng. Phys. 25:387-95.
  8. Shahar, R., Banks-Sills, L. and Eliasy, R. (2003). Mechanics of the canine femur with two types of hip replacement stems: finite element analysis. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 16:145-52.
  9. Milgram, J.,  Shahar, R., Levin-Harrus T. and Kass, P. (2004). The effect of short high intensity magnetic field pulses on the healing of skin wounds in rats. J. Bioelectromagnetics. 25:271-77.
  10. Shani, J., Johnston, D.E. and Shahar, R. (2004). Stabilization of traumatic coxofemoral luxation with an extra-capsular suture from the greater trochanter to the origin of the rectus femoris muscle.  Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 17:12-16.
  11. Milgram, J., Slonim, E., ,Kass, P.H. and Shahar R. (2004). A radiographic study of joint angles in standing dogs. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 17:82-90.
  12. Shahar, R. and Shani, Y. (2004). Fracture stabilization with type II external fixator vs. type I external fixator with IM  pin: finite element analysis. Vet. Comp. Orthop.Traum. 17:91-96.
  13. Ranen, E., Shamir, M.H., Shahar, R. and Johnston, D.E. (2004). Partial esophagectomy with single layer suture pattern as a method of treating esophageal sarcomas in six dogs. Vet Surg. 33:428-434.
  14. Shahar, R. and Banks-Sills, L. (2004). A quasistatic three-dimensional, mathematical, three-body segment model of the canine knee. J. Biomech. 37:1849-1859.
  15. Bar-Am, Y., , Klement E., Fourman, V., and Shahar, R. (2004) Mechanical evaluation of two loop-fastening methods for stainless steel wire. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 17;241-246.
  16. Shahar, R. and Milgram, J. (2005). Morphometric and anatomic study of the forelimb of the dog.  J. Morph. 263: 107-117.
  17. Diamant Idit, Shahar R, and Gefen A., (2005). How to select the elastic modulus for cancellous bone in patient-specific continuum models of the spine?. Med. Biol. Eng. Comp. 43: 465-472.
  18. Merchav, R., Feuermann, Y., Shamay, A, , Ranen, E., Stein, U., Johnston, D.E., and Shahar, R. (2005) Expression of relaxin receptor LRG7, canine relaxin, and relaxin-like factor in the pelvic diaphragm musculature of dogs with and without perineal hernia.  Vet Surg. 34: 476-481.
  19. Shahar,R, Milgram, J. (2006). Biomechanics of tibial plateau leveling of the canine cruciate-deficient stifle joint: a theoretical model. Vet Surg. 35: 144-149.
  20. Joseph, R., Milgram, J., Zhan, K., Shahar, R (2006). In vitro study of the ilial anatomic landmarks for safe implant insertion in the first sacral vertebra of the intact canine sacroiliac joint. Vet Surg 35: 510-517, 2006.
  21. Shani, Y., Yeshurun, Y. and Shahar, R. (2006). Arthrodesis of the tarsometatarsal joint, using type II ESF with Acrylic connecting bars in four dogs. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traum. 19: 61-63.
  22. Sharir, A., Milgram. J., and Shahar, R.. (2006). Structural and functional anatomy of the neck musculature of the dog (Canis familiaris).  J. Anat. 208: 331-351.
  23. Zaslanski, P., Shahar, R., Friesem, AA and Weiner, S. and (2006). Relations between shape, materials properties, and function in biological materials using laser speckle interferometry: In situ tooth deformation. Adv. Funct. Mater. 16: 1925-1936.
  24. Shahar, R., Zaslanski, P., Barak, M, Friesem, A.A., Currey, J.D., and. Weiner, S. (2006). Anisotropic Poisson's ratio and compression modulus of cortical bone determined by speckle interferometry. J. Biomech. 40: 252-264.
  25. Diamant Idit, Shahar R, Masharawi Y and Gefen A., (2006). A Method for Patient-Specific Evaluation of Vertebral Cancellous Bone Strength: In Vitro Validation. Clinical Biomechanics. (Accepted for publication);
  26. , Zaslanski, P.,  Shahar, R., Barak, M., Friesem, A.A., and. Weiner, S.  (2006). Tooth and bone deformation: structure and material – properties by ESPI. Proc. SPIE 6341, 634109.
  27. Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. 2007. Insights into whole bone and tooth function using optical metrology. J. Materials Science (in press)
  28. Harel, Yael, Shahar, R, Wolf, S. 2007. Specific role of LeMAN2 in the control of seed germination exposed by overexpression of the LeMAN3 gene in tomato plants. Planta (accepted for publication).
  29. Krauss, S., Monsonego-Ornan, E., Zelzer, E, Fratzl, P., Shahar, R. (2008) Mechanical function of a complex three-dimensional suture joining the bony elements in the shell of the red-eared slider turtle. Adv. Mater. 21:407–12.
  30. Barak, M.M., Sharir, A., Shahar, R. (2009). Optical metrology methods for mechanical testing of whole bones. The Vet J. 180:7-14.
  31. Lev Tov-Chatach, N., Sharir, A., Weiner, S. and Shahar, R. (2009). Determining the elastic modulus of mouse cortical bone using electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI) and micro computed tomography: A new approach for characterizing small-bone material properties. Bone 45:84-90.
  32. Barak, M.M., Geiger, S., Chattah, N., Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. (2009). Enamel dictates whole tooth deformation:  a finite element model study validated by an optical method. J. Struc. Biol. 168:511-20.
  33. Shipov, A., Sharir, A., Milgram, J., Monsonego-Ornan, E. and Shahar, R. (2010) The Influence of Severe and Prolonged Exercise Restriction on the Mechanical and Structural Properties of Bone: an Avian Model. The Vet J 183:153-160.
  34. Barak, M.M., Weiner, S., and Shahar, R. (2010). The contribution of trabecular bone to the stiffness and strength of rat lumbar vertebrae.  Spine. 35: E1153-E1159.
  35. Kreschnizky, M., Wagermaier, W., Roschger, P., Seto, J., Shahar, R., Duda, G.N., Mundlos, S. and Fratzl, P. (2010). The organization of the osteocyte network mirrors the extracellular matrix orientation in bone. J. Struc. Biol. 173:303-11.
  36. Bar-El Dadon S., Shahar, R., Katalan, K., Monsonego-Ornan, E. and Reifen, R. (2010). Leptin administration affects growth and skeletal development in a rat intrauterine growth restriction model. Nutrition 27:973-7.
  37. Lev Tov-Chattah, N., Kupczik, K., Shahar, R., Hublin, J.J. and Weiner, S. (2011). Structure-function relations of primate lower incisors: a study of the deformation of Macaca mulatta dentition using electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI). J. Anat. 218:87-95.
  38. Idelevich, A., Kerschnitzki, M., Shahar, R. and Monsonego Ornan, E. (2011). 1,25(OH)2D3 alters growth plate maturation and bone architecture in young rats with normal renal function. PLOS One  6:e20772.
  39. Sharir, A., Stern, T., Rot, C., Shahar, R. and Zelzer, E. (2011). Muscle force regulates bone shaping for optimal load-bearing capacity during embryogenesis. Development 138:3247-59.
  40. Shahar, R., Lucas, C., Papo, S., Dunlop J.W.C. and Weinkamer, R. (2011). Characterization of the spatial arrangement of secondary osteons in the diaphysis of equine and canine long bones. Anat. Rec. 294:1093-102.
  41. Sharir, A., Israeli, D., Milgram, J., Monsonego-Ornan, E., Currey, J.D. and Shahar, R. (2011). The canine baculum: the structure and mechanical properties of an unusual bone. J. Struc. Biol. 175:451-6.
  42. Jimenez-Palomar, I., Shipov, A., Shahar, R. and Barber, A. (2012). Influence of SEM vacuum on bone micromechanics using in situ AFM. J.  Mech. Behavior Biomed. Mater. 5:149-55.
  43. Naveh, G., Shahar, R., Brumfeld, V. and Weiner, S. (2012). Tooth movements are guided by specific contact areas between the tooth root and the jaw bone: a 3D Micro-CT study of the rat molar. J. Struc. Biol. 177:477-83.
  44. Naveh G., Lev Tov Chattah, N., Zaslansky, P., Shahar, R. and Weiner, R. (2012). Tooth-PDL-bone complex: response to compressive loads encountered during mastication – a review. Arch. Oral Biol. 12:1575-84.
  45. Torchinsky, A., Mizrahi, L., Savion, S., Shahar, R., Toder, V. and Kobyliansky, E. (2012). Bone loss in adult offspring induced by low-dose exposure to teratogens. J. Bone Miner. Metab. 3:270-80.
  46. Cohen, L., Dean, M., Shipov, A., Atkins, A., Monsonego-Ornan, E. and Shahar, R. PI (2012). Comparison of structural, architectural and mechanical aspects of cellular and acellular bone in two teleost fish. J. of Exp. Biol. 215:1983-93.
  47. Amosi, N., Zarzhitsky, S., Gilshon, E., Salnikov, O., Monsonego-Ornan, E., Shahar, R. and Rapaport, H. (2012). Acidic peptide hydrogel scaffolds enhance calcium phosphate mineral turnover into bone tissue. Acta Biomater. 8:2466-75.
  48. Yair, R., Uni, Z. and Shahar, R. (2012). Bone characteristics of late term embryonic and hatchling broilers: Bone development under extreme growth rate. Poultry Sci. 91:2614-20.
  49. Naveh, G., Brumfeld, V., Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. (2012). Tooth periodontal ligament: Direct 3D microCT visualization of the collagen network and how the network changes when the tooth is loaded. J. Struc. Biol. 181:108-15.
  50. Dean, M., and Shahar, R. (2012). The structure-mechanics relationship and the response to load of the acellular bone of neoteleost fish: a review. J. Appl. Ichthy. 28:320-329.
  51. Sharir, A., Zelzer, E. and Shahar, R. (2013). A temporary decrease in mineral density in perinatal mouse long bones. Bone. 52:197-205.
  52. Reznikov, N., Magal, R., Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. (2013). Three-dimensional imaging of collagen fibril organization in rat circumferential lamellar bone using a dual beam electron microscope reveals ordered and disordered sub-lamellar structures.  Bone. 52:676-83.
  53. Yair, R., Shahar, R. and Uni, Z. (2013). Prenatal nutritional manipulation by in ovo enrichment influences bone structure, composition and mechanical properties. J. Anim. Sci. 91:2784-93.
  54. Shahar R. and Dean M. (2013). The enigmas of bone without osteocytes. IBMS BoneKEy, Nature Publishing group, 2013. 343: doi:10.1038.
  55. Shipov, A., Zaslansky, P. and Shahar, R. (2013). Unremodeled endochondral bone is a major architectural component of the cortical bone of the rat (Rattus norvegicus). J. Struc. Biol. 183:132-40.
  56. Simsa-Maziel, S., Zaretsky, J., Reich, A., Koren, Y., Shahar, R. and Monsonego-Ornan, E. (2013). IL1-RI participates in normal growth plate development and bone modeling. Am. J. Phys. Endo. Metab. 305:E15-E21.
  57. Currey, J. and Shahar R. (2013). Cavities in the compact bone of tetrapods and fish and their effect on mechanical properties. J. Struc. Biol. 183:107-22.
  58. Solomon, G., Atkins, A., Shahar, R., Gertler, A. and Monsonego-Ornan, E. (2013). Effect of peripherally administered leptin antagonist on whole-body metabolism, and bone microarchitecture and biomechanical properties in mouse. Am. J. Phys. Endo. Metab. 306:E14-E27.
  59. Reznikov, N., Almany-Magal, R., Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. (2013). Three-dimensional structure of human lamellar bone: the presence of two different materials and new insights into the hierarchical organization. Bone. 59:93-104.
  60. Naveh, G., Brumfeld, V., Dean, M., Shahar, R. and Weiner, S. (2013). Direct MicroCT Imaging of Non-Mineralized Connective Tissues at High Resolution. Con. Tis. Res. 55:52-60.
  61. Faingold, A., Cohen, S.R., Shahar, R., Weiner, S., Rapoport, L. and Wagner, H.D. (2013). The effect of hydration on mechanical anisotropy, topography and fibril organization of the osteonal lamellae. J. Biomech. 47:367-72.
  62. Koren, N., Simsa-Maziel, S., Shahar, R., Schwartz, B. and Monsonego-Ornan, E. (2014). Exposure to omega-3 fatty acids at early age accelerate bone growth and improve bone quality. J. Nutr. Biochem. 25:623-633.
  63. Magal-Almani, R., Reznikov, N., Shahar, R., and Weiner S. (2014). Three-dimensional structure of the minipig fibrolamellar bone: adaptation to axial loading. J. Struc. Biol. 189:253-264.
  64. Shkil, F.N., Stolero, B., Sutton, G.A., Belay Abdissa, B., Dmitriev, S.G., Shahar, R. (2014). The effects of thyroid hormone treatment on the mineral density and mechanical properties of the skeleton of the African barb (Labeobarbus intermedius). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 30:814-820.
  65. Reznikov, N., Shahar, R., Weiner, S (2014). Bone hierarchical structure in three dimensions. Acta biomater. 10:3815-3826.
  66. Pollack, R., Artsi, H., Einav, Gurt , I., Shahar, R., Bajayo, A., Kalish, N., Belido, T., Gabet, Y. (2014). The Sirtuin1 activator SRT3025 down-regulates sclerostin and rescues ovariectomy-Induced bone loss and biomechanical deterioration in female mice. Endocrinology. 155:3508-3515.
  67. Kerschnitzki, M., Zander, T., Zaslansky, P., Fratzl, P., Shahar, R., Wagermaier, W. (2014). Rapid Alterations of Avian Medullary Bone Material during the Daily Egg-laying Cycle. Bone. 69:109-117.
  68. Shipov, A., Segev, G., Melzer, H., Milrad, M., Brenner, O.,  Atkins, A., Shahar, R. (2014). The effect of naturally occurring chronic kidney disease on the micro-structural and mechanical properties of bone. PlosOne. 9:e110057.
  69. Atkins, A, Dean, M.N., Maria Laura Habegger, M.L., Motta, P.J., Ofer, L., Repp, F., Shipov, A., Weiner, S, Currey, J., Shahar, R..  (2014). Remodeling in bone without osteocytes: Billfish challenge bone structure-function paradigms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A: 111:16047-16052.
  70. Pando, R., Idelevich, A., Shtaif, B., Masarwi, M., Monsonego-Ornan, E., Shahar, R. C, Phillip, M. C, Gat-Yablonski, G. PI. (2014). Bone quality is affected by food restriction and by nutrition-induced catch up growth. J. Endocrin. 223:227-239.
  71. Atkins, A., Reznikov, N., Ofer, L, Masic, A., Weiner, S, Shahar, R.. (2014). The three-dimensional structure of anosteocytic lamellated bone of fish. Acta Biomater. 13:311-323.
  72. Jimenez-Palomar I, Shipov, A, Shahar, R, Barber, A. (2015). Mechanical behavior of osteoporotic bone at sub-lamellar length scale. Frontiers in Materials. 13:1-7.
  73. Jimenez-Palomar I, Shahar, R, Barber, A. (2015). Structural orientation dependent sub-lamellar bone mechanics. J. Mech. Behavior Biomed. Mater. 52:63-71.
  74. Stern, T., Aviram, R., Rot, C., Galili, T., Sharir, A., Kalish Achrai, N., Keller, Y., Shahar, R., Zelzer, E.. (2015) Isometreic scaling in developing long bones is achieved by an optimal epiphyseal growth balance. Plos Biol. 13:e1002212
  75. Yair, R., Shahar, R., Uni Z. (2015) In ovo feeding with minerals and vitamin D3 improves bone properties in hatchlings and mature broilers. Poultry Science. 94:2695-2707.
  76. Atkins, A., Milgram, J., Weiner, S., Shahar, R.  (2015). The response of anosteocytic bone to controlled loading.  J. Exp. Biol. 218:3559-3569.
  77. Salem, H., Ejzenberg, A., Gore, K., Saba, F., Suki, Y., Sharon, S., Shilo, D., Waxman, J., Spitzer, E., Shahar, R., Atkins, A., Liebergal, M., Blumenfeld, A., Deutsch, D.,Haze, A. (2016). Skeletal ligament healing using the recombinant amelogenin protein. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. 20:815-824.
  78. Currey, J.D., Dean, M.N, Shahar, R. (2017). Revisiting the link between bone remodelling and osteocytes: insights across phyla. Biological Reviews. 92: 1702-1719.
  79. Weiner, S., Shahar, R. (2018) Open Questions on the 3D Structures of Vertebrate Mineralized Tissues: A Perspective. Journal of Structural biology 201: 187-198.
  80. Ben-Zvi, Y., Reznikov, N., Shahar, R., Weiner, S. (2017) 3D Architecture of Trabecular Bone in the Pig Mandible and Femur: Inter-Trabecular Angle Distributions. Frontiers Materials. 4:
  81. Shipov, A., Zaslanasky, P., Riesemeier, H., Segev, G., Atkins, A., Kalish, A., Weiner, A., Shahar, R. (2018). The influence of estrogen deficiency on the structural and mechanical properties of the rat cortical and cancellous bone. Peer J.
  82. Shipov, A., Shahar, R., Segev, G. (2018). The influence of chronic kidney disease on the structural and mechanical properties of canine bone. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 32: 280-287
  83. Shahar, R., Weiner, S. (2018) Open questions on the 3D structures of collagen containing vertebrate mineralized tissues: A perspective. Journal of Structural Biology. 201 (3):  187-198   
  84. Yehonatan Ben Zvi, Raquel Maria, Maria pierantoni, Vlad Brumfeld, Ron Shahar, Steve Weiner. (2019) Response of the tooth-periodontal ligament-bone complex to load: a microCT study of the minipig molar. Journal of Structural Biology. 205: 155-162.
  85. Raquel Maria, Yehonatan Ben Zvi, Katya Rechav, Eugenia Klein, Ron Shahar, Steve Weiner. (2019). An unusual disordered alveolar bone material in the upper furcation region of minipig mandibles: a 3D hierarchical structural study. J. Struct. Biol. 206 (1), 128-137
  86. Ronald Seidel, Aravind K. Jayasankar, Ron Shahar, Mason N. Dean (2019). The Multiscale Architectures of Fish Bone and Tessellated Cartilage and Their Relation to Function. Architectured materials in nature and engineering, 329-353, 2019
  87. Ofer, L., Dean, MN., Zaslansky, P., Kult, S.,, Shwartz, Y., Zarettsky, J., Griess-Fishheimer, S., Monsonego-Ornan, E.,Zelzer, E., Shahar, R. (2019). A novel, nonosteocytic regulatory mechanism of bone modeling. PLOS Biology 7(2), e3000140
  88. Ofer, L., Dumont, M., Rack, A., Zaslansky, P., Shahar, R. (2019). New insights into the process of osteogenesis of anosteocytic bone. Bone 125, 61-73.
  89. Carmeli-Ligat, S., Shipov, A., Dumone, M., Holze, S., Hildebrandt, T, Shahar, R. (2019). The structure, composition and mechanical properties of the skeleton of the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber). Bone. 128, 115035.
  90. Structural Adaptations to Flight in the Skeletons of Bats M Dumont, Y Yovel, N Avni-Magen, R Shahar JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 280, S112-S112, 2019
  91. Sauer, K., Rack, A., Hawshan, AM., Thiele, M., Shahar, R., Zaslansky, P. (2020). Microstructure and texture contributing to damage resistance of the anosteocytic hinge-bone in the cleithrum of Esox Lucius. International journal of material research, 111(1), 78-85.
  92. Ziv, E., Milgram, J., Davis, J., Soares, A., Wilde, F., Zaslansky, P., Shahar, R. (2020). Neither cortical nor trabecular: An unusual type of bone in the heavy-load-bearing lower pharyngeal jaw of the black drum (Pogonias cromis)Acta Biomaterialia. 104, 28-38.
  93. Ofer, L., Zaslansky, P., Shahar, R. (2020). A comparison of the structure, composition and mechanical properties of anosteocytic vertebrae of medaka (O. latipes) and osteocytic vertebrae of zebrafish (D. rerio). Journal of fish biology 98 (4), 995-1006, 2021,
  94. Raguin, E., Rechav, K., Brumfeld, V., Shahar, R., Weiner, S. (2020). Unique three-dimensional structure of a fish pharyngeal jaw subjected to unusually high mechanical loads. Journal of Structural Biology. 211 (2), 107350.
  95. Rozner, R., Vernikov, J., Griess-Fishheimer, S., Travinsky, T., Penn, S., Schwartz, B., Mesilati-Stahy, R., Argov-Argaman, N., Shahar, R., Monsonego-Ornan, E. (2020) The Role of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids from Different Sources in Bone Development. Nutrients, 12 (11), 3494.
  96. Gene Expression Response to Swim Training in Anosteocytic and Osteocytic Teleost Fish C Julien, T Thiele, L Ofer, R Shahar, P Zaslansky, B Willie JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH 34, 318-318, 2020
  97. High resolution 3D structures of mineralized tissues in health and disease S Weiner, E Raguin, R Shahar Nature Reviews Endocrinology 17 (5), 307-316, 2021
  98. Ultra-processed food targets bone quality via endochondral ossification J Zaretsky, S Griess-Fishheimer, A Carmi, TT Shmul, L Ofer, T Sinai, ... Bone research 9 (1), 1-13, 2021
  99. Focused ion beam-SEM 3D analysis of mineralized osteonal bone: lamellae and cement sheath structures E Raguin, K Rechav, R Shahar, S Weiner Acta Biomaterialia 121, 497-513, 2021


See also: shahar_ron